Algerian crafts

Weaving is practiced in pastoral regions. In this area, Algeria has large areas dedicated to livestock such as sheep, goats and camels. In weaving, each region of the country has its own repertoire, recognizable by its motives. There are two types of weaving:

  • The most common weaving "RAT" present in all regions of the country
  • As for weaving " "IN THE KNOTTED POINT" is in other regions.

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Types of weaving in the regions of Algeria

Carpet of Djebel Amour in the region of AFLOU (Laghouat)

Carpet of the MAATAKA in the region of Kabylie

Carpet of AIT HICHEM in the region of Kabylie

Tapis du HARACTA dans la région d’Oum El Bouaghi

Carpet of the HARACTA in Oum El Bouaghi's region 

Carpet of the BABAR in Khenchla ET Oum El Bouaghi's region 

Carpet of the GARGOUR in the region of the SETIF-BOUGAA

They have common features. Their relative unity comes from a common origin, immutable manufacturing technique and domestic use. The precise relation between each artisan and his choices, the coherence between the form and the decoration generates the agility of the lines of products. The craft borrows its themes from a local repertoire, rich in symbols.

Location of pottery in Algeria

Algiers

MEDEA, AIN DAFLA, TESSIMSSILT, CHLEF, RELIZANE (OUARSENIS)

TIPAZA (CHENOUA)

Region of Kabylie (DJURJURA)

Many and various antiques made of different metals are discovered in several archaeological sites in Algeria, especially copper.

With copper sheets, the artisan makes various utilitarian and decorative objects, using very simple tools such as hammer and chisel, known as the engraving technique.

The engraving technique is mainly based on the use of a small chisel, the piece will be cleaned with hydrochloric acid mixed with water, dried with a cloth wet with nitric acid to make the copper brighter.

The most important centers in the copper industry

Tlemcen

The craft of brassworker is very developed in this city, filled with Andalusian and Oriental art.

The Traditional dress

In all societies, it is considered as a factor of transmission of social values and cultural events and a witness of the social status of the family.

The Algerian traditional dress forms a selection of local traditions and the different civilizations that have existed on earth, and as Algeria is the meeting point of civilizations, it has a variety of clothes, classified in two categories:

Urban Outfit:

Most big cities such as Algiers, Constantine, Tlemcen, Mostaganem and Annaba are known - since the ancient times - for their dresses embroidered, made by beautiful fabrics, rich in decoration, with small pearls placed on light, fine and long-sleeved jackets decorated with ribbons (Laces)

Rural Outfit:

The rural holding for women is weaved from several big parts, this holding wind around the body and over shoulders and belt of hips. The forms, the colors, the signs and the symbols are aligned according to the region.
With these outfits, we restore the old time that we find it either in the engraving or in the Algerian sculpture, and although the local name changes from one region to another, the use remains the same.
In the twentieth century and the twenty-first century, Algerian women wanted to spend time in innovation and creation, while protecting the former inheritance, And replace the knitting with light textures decorated with pearls, in particular the Kabyle dress and the Melhfa Chaouie, and replace the dark colors by lively colors.
Men wore "Gandoura", large and open decorated forward.